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AN INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. A turning point in History.

<p>0:40 LIVING THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION</p>

<p>1:49 LIFE BEFORE THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Industrial Revolution began in England around the year 1760, the way most people lived in Europe and America was very different from how they live today. Nine out of 10 people lived in rural areas; there was a large mostly poor lower-class, a small rich upper-class; and not much of a middle-class. World people raised close to their food and small farms and they didn’t have to leave home each day to work at their jobs. Back then, there were no electric lights, no movies, no telephones, no recorded music and no cars. Ordinary people use their hands to make most of the things they needed. They had no reason to own a clock since their lives were too old rising and setting up the Sun. The world was pretty quiet before the Industrial Revolution because there were no machines for Rapid Transportation to fill the air with Lawrence without these devices people didn’t travel much. Consequently except for their own villages, they knew very little about the world in which they lived. The pace of life was much slower before the Industrial Revolution because people had to walk or use horses to move from place to place. There was no public education, so few people could read and write and due to poor nutrition and living conditions they didn’t let nearly as long as people do today. </p>

<p>3:25 TEXTILE MANUFACTURING BEFORE THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. Textile manufacturing was the first major industry to undergo industrialization and for many people change was tragic. That was because before the Industrial Revolution the poor rural population had few ways of earning a living. In Europe, many rural people could add to their incomes by working in what were known as domestic or cottage industry by melting pot. The way this worked was that cloth merchant purchased large quantities of wool from sheep farmers as well as linen fibers from flax farmers; the merchants then delivered the material to cottage workers to be made into clock. First the fibers were spun into yarn using a simple foot-powered machine called spinning wheel then under what was known as the putting-out-system the yarn was then distributed to weaver’s to be woven into certain types of …….and handloom. It took a long time but after the roll of cloth was finished, the merchants paid the cottage workers for what they have done. These traditional home base textile workers were the first people to be replaced by machines when the industrial revolution began.

 

<p>4:53 REVOLUTION IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY In the 1760s, two new machines, spinning jenny and the water frame caused a revolution in the textile industry because both machines markedly sped up the process of making thread for one thing. These machines were adopted to use the power of flowing water for hydraulic power; this means that the motion of the water would turn on that was connected by a complicated system of pulleys and belts? used to run the machines. Another machine called the spinning mule, was developed later in the 1700’s. When it was hooked up to the water power just one person could do the work of three thousand had spinners. The new textile machines were extremely efficient at producing the fine thread need to make high-quality cloth and may cause the cottage spinning industry to collapse soon after being introduced. A little later mechanized power looms were developed that used water power instead a human muscle power to…….. One important invention adapted to power weaving from handlooms was a mechanized version of a flying shuttle seen here. This was a special device used to rapidly cross thread to the web’s effect on…..power lines; this process took place at incredible speed when compared to do with my hair. It is not surprising a much more efficient power looms rapidly ended the cottage weaving industry. In England 1811, unemployed home textile workers called the Luddites got so angry about losing their jobs that they rioted and tried to destroy the new textile machines.</p>

<p>6:51 FACTORIES AND GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL CITIES In the late 1700s and early 1800s, large buildings…… began to appear along rivers in Europe and North America. Factories are places where workers operating expenses usually very complicated machines produced manufactured goods. The creation of factories was a turning point in human society because people had to leave home each day to earn a living. This radically changed family life and the way children were raised. New housing for workers had to be Built near the factories and as this happened cities rapidly grew in size while rural populations decreased and because people had to meet production deadlines they were expected to show up at the factories at specific times. This meant that for the first time in history, large numbers of humans live began to be regulated by clocks and they’re bringing a factor that house for example. The schedule seen here shows that in 1874 the long work day at eh Lowell Mills began at 6:45 in the morning and ended at six in the……. Except on Saturday when it ended at 4:30. On Sunday, however, workers were given a day off.</p>

 

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