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Post- Impressionism. Pointillism.

ART'S DESIRE

A character from a cubist painting escapes her war-torn surroundings and explores the museum for a better place to live.

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POST-IMPRESSIONISTS

http://www.ducksters.com/history/art/postimpressionism.php

General Overview

 The Impressionist artists opened up a new world of modern art. The Post-impressionists wanted to continue to stretch those boundaries. The term was coined by Roger Fry, a British art critic, to describe the artists who came immediately after the Impressionists.

When was the Post-impressionism Era?

 Post-impressionism began with a new generation of artists after the Impressionists such as Monet, Degas, and Renoir. It lasted approximately from 1885 to 1910.

What are the characteristics of Post-impressionism?

 The Post-impressionists had learned about using light, shadows, and colors in their art from the Impressionists. They wanted to add their own new ideas to art. They began to try new subjects, techniques, perspectives, and shapes to express their thoughts and emotions in art.

Exemples in the tab: To learn more about post-impressionism.

 

 POINTILLISTS

http://www.ducksters.com/history/art/pointillism.php

General Overview

 Pointillism is often considered part of the Post-impressionist movement. It was primarily invented by painters George Seurat and Paul Signac. While Impressionists used small dabs of paint as part of their technique, Pointillism took this to the next level using only small dots of pure color to compose an entire painting.

When was the Pointillism movement?

 Pointillism reached its peak in the 1880s and 1890s after the Impressionist movement. Many of the concepts and ideas, however, continued to be used by artists in the future.

What are the characteristics of Pointillism?

 Unlike some art movements, Pointillism has nothing to do with the subject matter of the painting. It is a specific way of applying the paint to the canvas. In Pointillism the painting is made up entirely of small dots of pure color.

Exemples in the tab: To learn more about pointillism.

 

GEORGE SEURAT AND PAUL SIGNAC

http://www.ducksters.com/biography/artists/georges_seurat.php

 

Where did Georges Seurat grow up?

 Georges Seurat grew up in Paris, France. His parents were wealthy allowing him to focus on his art. He was a quiet and intelligent child who kept to himself. Georges attended the School of Fine Arts in Paris starting in 1878. He also had to serve a year in the military. Upon his return to Paris he continued to refine his art skills. He spent the next two years drawing in black and white.

Bathers at Asnieres

 With the help of his parents, Georges set up his own art studio not far from their house. Because his parents supported him, George was able to paint and explore any areas of art he chose. Most of the poor artists at the time had to sell their paintings to survive.

 Georges first major painting was Bathers at Asnieres. It was a large painting of people relaxing near the water at Asnieres. He was proud of the painting and submitted it to the official French art exhibition, the Salon. The Salon, however, rejected his work. He joined the Society of Independent Artists and presented his art at their exhibition.

Pointillism

 Seurat began to explore the science of optics and color. He found that, rather than mixing the colors of paint on a palette, he could place tiny dots of different colors next to each other on the canvas and the eye would mix the colors. He called this way of painting Divisionism. Today we call it Pointillism. Seurat felt that this new way of painting would make the colors appear more brilliant to the viewer.

Paul Signac

 Paul Signac was a good friend of Seurat's. He began to paint using the same method of Pointillism. Together they pioneered a new way of painting and a new style of art.

Sunday on the Island of La Grande Jatte

 In 1884 Seurat began to work on his masterpiece. He would use pointillism to paint a huge painting called Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. It would be 6 feet 10 inches tall by 10 feet 1 inches wide, but would be painted entirely with small dots of pure color. The painting was so complex that it took him nearly two years of non-stop work to finish. Each morning he would go to the scene and make sketches. Then in the afternoon he would return to his studio to paint until late at night. He kept the painting a secret, not wanting anyone to know what he was doing.

When Seurat finally exhibited the painting in 1886, people were amazed. Some thought this new way of painting was the wave of the future in art. Others criticized it. Either way, Seurat was now considered one of the leading artists in Paris.

Continued Work

 Seurat continued to paint using the pointillism style. He also experimented with lines. He felt that different types of lines could express different types of emotions. He also grew to be friends with other Post-impressionist artists of the time including Vincent van Gogh and Edgar Degas.

Early Death

 When Georges was just 31 years old he became very sick and died. He likely died from meningitis.

 

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