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The color wheel: what it is and how to use it

hi everyone the variety of paint colors out there is truly staggering, but today I'll show you that you can make a lot of them by mixing just three, red yellow and blue. The colors listed here are my choices but you can experiment with other reds yellows and blues as well.

I am making two color wheels today for this I tried and draw on a CD with the pencil, using a ruler I divided one into six sections and the other into 12 they don't have to be perfect just eyeballet.

As you can see I'm filling in the wedges with yellow red and blue. These are the primary colors and I'll create the rest of my colors by mixing these three. You can't mix colors to make red yellow or blue though.

As a little kid this idea always seems so obvious to me. Red, yellow and blue with the Kings have my crayon box. I also remember little song on Captain Kangaroo about mixing red yellow and blue to make a rainbow, so really color mixing it's been with me since before I could read.

And look at that blue, ultramarine blue used to be so expensive and difficult to obtain that European artists around six hundred years ago reserved it for special things like the Virgin Mary’s cloak. I found in love with every time I use it

Secondary colors are produced when you mix two primaries. I feel like a chemistry magician when I mix colors.  You get  two completely different colors, and the second you put them together you get this whole new thing, it is so much fun.

Red and yellow make orange and in this case is slightly subdued orange because alizarin crimson is a cooler bluish red. Yellow and blue make green, these two creates a sort of deep olive green. And blue and red make purple or violent. Alizarin crimson and ultramarine blue make a gorgeous one.

The primaries and secondaries create a standard six color wheel, but the other will still have some spaces. I'm painting fast here and leaving some little like gap, so the colors don't flow together but if you want a perfect will you should wait for the neighboring colors to dry before moving on.

I'll fill these gaps with tertiary or third colors and you get those by mixing primaries and  secondaries. This produces high phenated colors like yellow orange, red-orange, violet-red, blue-violet or indigo, yellow green and blue-green or green blue. You can play around with all these names.

So there you go all the colors of the rainbow from just three. And bringing colors together in order like this is pretty ina  kind of enjoyable, but what's the point?. These wheels are actually color mixing tools. Let's look at the wheels. Colors that are directly across from each other are opposite complementary colors.

These pairs clash with each other and create a sort of visual vibration when you put the next to each other, the pairs are red and green think Christmas colors, yellow and purple they just visually seem like they have nothing in common and orange and blue. I graduated from the University Illinois and those are school's colors. The stadium full of the liner fans wearing orange and blue always made my eyes tired.

Also if you can be staring at these colors will have been talking, hit pause for a second and looking at something white.

wasn't that amazing?  you should see a pastel opposite version of those colors

 So let's see what happens when we combine those pairs. Here are the primaries and here the secondaries, now when you mix them you get different shades of brown.  am I crazy for thinking that this is totally cool?

 

You don't need to buy brown paint, people. I mean, I do it because I use it a lot, but if you're a beginner and you don't wanna buy much to paint you don't need to buy any kind of brown. You can do this with tertiary colors too, when you mix them with the complement across the second color wheel.

But here's the best thing that complementaries do and with this two bit of information I feel like I'm handing you the keys to the kingdom. They will help you correct stuff.

how many times have you painted something and you had a problem with it

being too whatever? too orange, too pink, too green…  the problem is it is too much of some color. If you add a complementary color to the problem often just a tiny bit, it will fix it.

And by all means, it passes again and try at looking at something white.  Do you see it? just kind of space out.

Ok, here are some examples of complementary colors solving problems.

I'm mixing a skin tone and let's say it's too orange. But if I add just a speck of blue to it it'll become more tan if only self tanners for this easy.

or may be belief I wanna paint this yellow, but not this yellow. Add a bit of purple and believe it or not, it will come yellow down.

Or maybe this tree is to green maybe it's just after sunset and we want something shadowy and deeper, add some red to the mix and that green gets a subdued in a hurry.

This my friends, is my secret weapon complementary colors.  I'll show you some more ways to use your color wheels in a future video.

keep in mind that your three primaries what makes everything for you. Ultramarine blue can make a good turquoise to save its life, and if I wanna blazing orange I go with cadmium red light every time.  so I have more than just these three in my collection.

The  red yellow and blue are my bedrock colors and I´ll be  nowhere without them. I hope you have fun getting to know them and thanks a lot for watching.

 

 

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