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The body and the senses

The senses

WHAT ARE SENSES?

Think about what happens when Mum or Dad tells you that dinner is ready – you can hear them asking you to wash your hands, feel the water and soap against your skin, smell what’s cooking, see your chair at the table and taste the food on your plate. You can do all of that thanks to your senses!

Senses allow us to observe and understand the world around us. There are five main ways we can do this: through sight (with our eyes), touch (with our fingers), smell (with our nose), taste (with our tongue) and hearing (with our ears).

DID YOU KNOW?

There are five senses – sight, smell, touch, taste and hearing

Our senses help us to understand what’s happening around us.

Our senses send messages through receptor cells to our brain, using our nervous system to deliver that message.

There are four kinds of taste receptors on the tongue – bitter, sweet, salt and sour.

Some parts of the skin are more sensitive than others – this is because they have more receptor cells.

We taste food using both our sense of taste and smell.

It’s fun to experiment with your senses – for example, make a chart of what foods taste bitter, sweet, salty and sour.

If you cup your hand around your ear, you’ll hear more things – this is because you’re helping your ear gather more sounds.

Not everyone is able to use all five of their senses. If someone cannot see, they are blind; if someone cannot hear, they are deaf.

We can use all five of our senses at the same time without even realising it!

DO YOU WANT TO KNOW MORE?

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