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Healthy eating 2

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Tasks

 

Pre-activation

The lesson will start with the introduction of the topic. Teacher will explain what the lesson is about by using:

1.- Brainstorming activity: students will be asked what they know about nutrition and healthy eating.

2.- Pre-activation exercises:

2.1. Students will try to answer the following questions:

 Vocabulary activity

Teacher will provide each student with one word and one definition of another word. Each student will read in turns the definition and after that the students with the defined term raise the arm and say it out loud. Teacher will focus on the pronunciation and the spelling of the term. Moreover teacher will resolve any doubt about the definitions or terms.

Terms with definition

1. Aerobic physical activity (or endurance): physical activities use large muscle groups (back, chest, and legs) to increase heart rate and breathing for an extended period of time. Examples include bicycling, brisk walking, running, and swimming. Federal guidelines recommend that adults get 150 to 300 minutes of aerobic activity a week.

2. Balanced Diet: A diet that contains the proper proportions of classes of food necessary to maintain good health. Balanced diet is basically a good nutrition. Its benefits are: -Happy and health lifestyle. -Boost immunity and healthy development. -Protection against diseases. -Contributes to adequate body weight.

3. Body mass index (BMI): BMI is a measure of body weight relative to height. The BMI tool uses a formula that produces a score often used to determine if a person is underweight, at a normal weight, overweight, or obese. For adults, a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 is considered healthy (or "normal"). A person with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, and a person with a BMI of 30 or more is considered obese.

4. Carnivorous: flesh-eating. Tigers are carnivorous animals.

5. Calorie: A unit of energy in food. Carbohydrates, fats, protein, and alcohol in the foods and drinks we eat provide food energy or "calories." Carbohydrates and proteins provide 4 calories per gram, fat has 9 calories per gram, and alcohol has 7 calories per gram.

6. Calorie balance: The balance between calories you get from eating and drinking and those you use up through physical activity and body processes like breathing, digesting food, and, in children, growing.

7. Cholesterol: is a fat-like substance that is made by your body and found naturally in animal foods such as dairy products, eggs, meat, poultry, and seafood. Foods high in cholesterol include dairy fats, egg yolks, and organ meats such as liver. Cholesterol is needed to carry out functions such as hormone and vitamin production. It is carried through the blood by lipoproteins.

8. Diet: What a person eats and drinks. Any type of eating plan.

9. Health: The condition of the body or mind and the degree to which it is free from illness, or the state of being well. The concept of health has been changing throughout history, from a state of absence of disease until the current conception as a global concept, as a way of life. Currently, health is defined as a complete welfare state -physical, psychic and social- and not the simple absence of disease or validity.

10. Lifestyle: The particular way that a person or group lives and the values and ideas supported by that person or group.

11. Metabolism: The process that occurs in the body to turn the food you eat into energy your body can use.

12. Muscle-strengthening activity: A type of physical activity that promotes the growth and strength of muscles. Examples include lifting weights and doing push-ups and sit-ups. Federal guidelines recommend that adults do activities that strengthen muscles at least twice a week.

13. Nutrition: The process of the body using food to sustain life. (2) The study of food and diet.

14. Obesity: Refers to excess body fat. Because body fat is usually not measured directly, a ratio of body weight to height is often used instead. It is defined as BMI. An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.

15. Omnivorous: Eating both animal and plant foods. Eating all kinds of foods indiscriminately.

16. Overweight: refers to an excessive amount of body weight that includes muscle, bone, fat, and water. A person who has a body mass index (BMI) of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight. It is important to remember that although BMI is related to the amount of body fat, BMI does not directly measure body fat. As a result, some people, such as athletes, may have a BMI that identifies them as overweight even though they do not have excess body fat.

17. Physical activity: Any form of exercise or movement. Physical activity may include planned activities such as walking, running, strength training, basketball, or other sports. Physical activity may also include daily activities such as mowing the lawn, washing the car, taking the stairs instead of the elevator, and walking the dog. Federal guidelines on physical activity recommend that adults get at least 150 minutes (30 minutes a day, 5 days a week) of moderate-intensity physical activity for general health benefits. Adults who wish to lose weight or maintain weight loss may need more physical activity, such as 300 minutes (60 minutes a day, 5 days a week). Children should get at least 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity daily. Saturated fat This type of fat is solid at room temperature. Saturated fat is found in full-fat dairy products (like butter, cheese, cream, regular ice cream, and whole milk), coconut oil, lard, palm oil, ready-to-eat meats, and the skin and fat of chicken and turkey, among other foods. Saturated fats have the same number of calories as other types of fat, and may contribute to weight gain if eaten in excess. Eating a diet high in saturated fat also raises blood cholesterol and risk of heart disease.

18. Self-assessment: Assessment or evaluation of oneself or one's actions and attitudes, in particular, of one's performance at a job or learning task considered in relation to an objective standard

19 Vegan: A vegetarian who omits all animal products from the diet.

20. Vegetarian: a person who does not eat or does not believe in eating meat, fish, fowl, or, in some cases, any food made from animals.

 Listening

Link to the video 1: external link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GN1BzbcTIzE

Students will listen to the video 4 times: 1) Paying attention to the audio.

2) Focusing on the key vocabulary and making some notes if they need it.

3) Students will try to complete the following sentences (True or False):

Example: What you eat can only keep you healthy: False

-There are 6 groups of food.

-Carbohydrates are macro-nutrients.

-Rice is an example of fats.

-1/4 part of what we eat are fats. -We need more micro-nutrients than macro-nutrients.

-We get minerals by drinking milk.

-Water contributes in regulating body temperature through going to the toilet or by sweating.

4) Watching the video with subtitles and checking the sentences. Teacher will pause the video when need it.

. Speaking

Conversation about a diet.

Students will be provided with a guide in order to help them to make questions.

Furthermore teacher will show them some question's examples.

Speaking help

Clarification

Like/Dislike

Explanation

Your opinion

 

Comparing and contrasting

Watching a video.

Students will pay attention to a video about healthy and unhealthy food. Benefits of eating fruits and vegetables. They can work in group and make some examples of their own diets, if they eat enough vegetables or they will need to eat more and why.

Link to the video 2: external link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u1sh_XGKJ-Q

Furthermore, students will watch a video about self-assessment, realizing about the importance of critical sense of their work and attitudes when they are working in groups.

Link to the video 3: (external link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CkFWbC91PXQ)

 Investigation and discuss.

Link to the video 4: external link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFlnlGx0B5U

Final debate.

Teacher will suggest discussing about healthy/unhealthy food and cheering up students to participate. That's a good way to evaluate their oral skills as well. While students explain their opinion teacher can make some notes. This part will be useful for assessing students.

 

Healthy food Unhealthy food
Advantages Disadvantages
Controls weight Diseases such as diabetes
Improves longevity Boost Heart Attack Risk

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