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Actividad 4

Planes magazine part II.

Laying out the main article

In this activity we are going to edit the main article of our planes magazine. This will consist on a cover page and three pages merging text and pictures. The starting point is the magazine cover page activity.

It is important to keep in mind that the main principles of graphic design are accuracy and symmetry. Your work will look fine if it is perfectly aligned, symmetrically distributed and regularly spaced. The accurate symmetry is what gives a document the distinctive tidiness, of a professional layout. In this activity an important part of the mark will assess the accuracy of the alignment, and symmetry of spacing among objects. A work looking sloppy or shabby will be penalized with up to a 50% of the mark

First page background image

Place the cursor in the page 2 and insert an image frame mqtching the the printable part of the page, (meaning from margin upper left to margin lower right), selecting the menu Insertar | mostra els marcs (Insert |frame).  Select image frame. In the tab Location (rotació in valencian) set the insertion of a frame in the page 2 located in the upper left border.

In the tab Size (mida) set the option Same as page margins (fes servir els margens de la impressora)so that the image takes up the whole space between the page margins

Finally in the tab Options, click in source (font) and select the image you have chosen as the article main image. The result after adjusting the image to the frame size must be something like this:

Block this image, we don’t want it to be altered or moved accidentally while working in the article (contextual menu→ block/bloquear/esta bloquejat )

The article Headlines

In this activity we are going to render an eye-catching article headline using GIMP. This program is an excellent freeware editor of photography.

The result must look like this

For the time being, we are only interested in the text F-22 RAPTOR, therefore, let’s disable the gray background layer. In the upper right part of the screen you should see the layer panel. This window shows the layers making up the image. One of them is called Background and contains the background color in the back of the text. To disable it you must click in the eye icon. (see image below)

As a result the background disappears from the scene and is replaced by a checked pattern. This checked pattern is the way GIMP (and many other programs) represents a transparent color

Now, we must open the title from Scribus. First export the image to a PNG file using the menu option Fichero | exportar.

In the field tipo de archivo (red arrow in the image) select the option Imagen PNG. Click in the button exportar. Then the window shown below will open showing the export to PNG default settings. Make sure that the option Guarda el valor de los colores de pixel transparentes is enabled

Let’s return to the Scribus window. Insert an image frame in the page, below the plane and insert the png file we have just exported in GIMP.

Make the second line of your headline using the same procedure

It could be objected that this arrangement looks a bit dull. There are alternatives, for example, laying out the text in two or three lines:


Perform again the security procedure to prevent loss of information due to Scribus crashes:

Text in columns layout

The text in a magazine, typically is arranged in two or three columns for several reasons. The wider the text line, the more difficult is for the reader to keep track of the parallel lines. The use of columns make reading cushier. And from a designer standpoint, it also makes easier the layout allowing for a more flexible use of the space.

There are two ways of inserting several columns:


To carry on we will add some automatically generated stuffing text. The Stuffing text is a nonsense text generated randomly and is used to make the draft of the layout before having the real text . The classical stuffing text, is one called Lorem Ipsum, and is based in a Latin text from Cicero. Lorem ipsum's stuffing texts always starts with the same sentence "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet”, and goes on with a gibberish of random latin words which sounds convincingly latin but actually have no real sense.


Perform again the security procedure to prevent loss of information due to Scribus crashes:

Next step will be to highlight the first letter in the first paragraph




There is an anomaly we must sort out before going on. The lines of text aren't vertically aligned among the frames. Look at the two blue lines in the image below (they are guide lines). This two lines mark the base position of the last line in the left and center text frame. As you can see they are in disarray.

To vertically align the text among the frames:



The left and right frames must match the margins, which is correct in most layouts but not in this case, since there is an image in the background, also matching the margins. We need some margin between the text and the background image.


Perform again the security procedure to prevent loss of information due to Scribus crashes:

Open Scribus, open the last version of the file, and carry on working

Foot page

Next step is to set up a footpage consisting on: The name of the magazine with a copyright sign, the number of the page and the total number of pages


Perform again the security procedure to prevent loss of information due to Scribus crashes:


Making a master page.


THIS IS CORRECT: The editorial name should placed in the inside part of the document and magazine name should be in the outside part.

We will define a master page to set up a different footpage for the right and left pages. A master page is a predefined layout, which elements will appear in all the pages where the master page is applied. We will define a master page for odd pages and another for even pages.

We can't use the page 2 as master a page for even pages, because in this page we have already inserted a number of elements ( the picture of the plane, the text frames) that are not supposed to be copied to all the even pages. We only want to copy the footpage of the page 2 in the rest of even pages.

Now the foot page must appear in all even pages in the document.


Perform again the security procedure to prevent lose of information due to Scribus crashes:

Open Scribus and open the last version of the filea and carry on working

Lay out of the page 3.

in the Moodle quizz associated to this activity you will find the images needed to make this part of the exercise. Unload the images in your project folder and decompress them

The text frame takes up about half of the page. Add an image frame taking up the other half of the page, leaving a margin on its right side (see image below). Insert in this frame the image of the plane

In the space left free on the right side we are going to highlight some interesting tips about the plane.



Perform again the security procedure to prevent loss of information due to Scribus crashes:

Lay out for page 4.

The main element of this page (apart the text) will be a number of pictures, each one with a legend ..


At last you have finished the task.

Compress the project folder including the recojer para terminar folder and send it using e-mail to the address

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